美国之音(以下称VOA)的英语节目,按播音速度可分为两种:Standard English (标准英语)和 Special English(特别英语)。

Special English 又叫“慢速英语”,是VOA 专为全世界非英语国家初学英语的听众安排的一种简易、规范的英语广播节目。该节目创始于50年代末期,是VOA 的专家们研究如何与世界各地的英语学习者进行交际的产物。它正式开播于1959年10月。当时只面向欧洲和中东,但由于这个节目适合许多国家英语学习者的需要,所以它的广播对象不久就扩大到世界其他地区,并很快在全世界范围内产生了广泛的影响。现在这个节目对欧洲、非洲和拉丁美洲每晚广播一次,对加勒比地区每晚广播一次(星期天除外),对东南亚广播次数最多,每天上午两次,晚上三次。

30多年来,VOA 为了办好Special English节目,进行了大量的调查研究工作,对播音速度、内容及用词范围都作了具体规定,基本上达到了既能为英语学习者提供信息,又不损害英语本身风格的目的,使之成为VOA 独具特色,拥有最大量听众的节目。

美国著名词汇学家S. B. Flexmer 指明了Special English的三条标准,也就是它所“特别”的地方:

1、它是一种由美国人最常用的1500个基本单词为主体构成的美国英语;

2、它用简短、明晰的句子写作和广播;

3、它以每分钟90个单词的速度,即2/3的Standard English(标准英语)速度进行广播。

Special English的节目可分为两大类:一类是新闻节目;一类是专题节目。

该音频有LRC字幕 63salon沙龙娱乐附字幕:亚洲货币集体贬值 各国政府将如何应对?2018-08-19
Important currencies in Asia are losing value such as in Turkey, China, Vietnam and India. Some are worried about a financial crisis. But experts say Asian financial officials have learned from the past.
该音频有LRC字幕 63salon沙龙娱乐附字幕:联合国批评波斯尼亚塞族拒绝接受1995年大屠杀报告2018-08-19
From 1992 to 1995, Bosnia was divided by war, during which several tragedies occurred. Now lawmakers in Bosnia and Herzegovina’s self-governing Serb Republic have voted to reject a report on an especially violent incident from that time.
该音频有LRC字幕 63salon沙龙娱乐附字幕:科学家们在石榴石发现一种新的微生物栖息地2018-08-19
There are organisms that live in almost every kind of conditions on Earth. And a recent study suggests that markings inside stones found in Thailand are even evidence that life finds a way to survive anywhere.
该音频有LRC字幕 63salon沙龙娱乐附字幕:在驴子公园,驴帮助游客放松身心2018-08-19
In many places around the world, donkeys are used for carrying heavy loads. But at Donkey Park, the animals’ only job is to offer comfort to visitors. D...
该音频有LRC字幕 63salon沙龙娱乐附字幕:以色列放宽进入加沙食品和货物的限制2018-08-19
Israel has reopened the main border crossing into the Gaza Strip to permit the transport of food and other goods.
该音频有LRC字幕 63salon沙龙娱乐附字幕:柬埔寨执政党完全控制了议会2018-08-19
The Cambodian People’s Party gained all 125 seats in parliament. The main opposition Cambodia National Rescue Party had been dissolved last year. International observers have denounced the election saying it was not fair.
该音频有LRC字幕 63salon沙龙娱乐附字幕:索马里难民赢得美国国会初选2018-08-19
Ilhan Omar’s primary election victory means she will compete to become the first African refugee elected to the United States Congress.
该音频有LRC字幕 63salon沙龙娱乐附字幕:联合国:厄瓜多尔艰难应对委内瑞拉难民2018-08-19
The United Nations refugee agency estimates that more than 500,000 Venezuelans have entered Ecuador. The UNHCR says the refugees are in need of aid and protection.
该音频有LRC字幕 63salon沙龙娱乐附字幕:难民艺术家寻求回馈社会的机会2018-08-19
Refugees carry few material goods with them when they flee war, violence or persecution in the homelands. But they do bring skills to their new countries. An exhibit in the United States shows that sometimes these skills are artistic.
该音频有LRC字幕 63salon沙龙娱乐附字幕:约塞米蒂国家公园重新开放 旅游业仍不景气2018-08-19
The popular national park reopens after a nearly three-week closure because of forest fires.
该音频有LRC字幕 63salon沙龙娱乐附字幕:美国国防部长敦促加强与巴西在太空研究方面的联系2018-08-19
U.S. Defense Secretary Jim Mattis spoke in Brazil during a trip to Latin America. Mattis said the U.S. wants to be the partner of choice for Latin America.
该音频有LRC字幕 63salon沙龙娱乐附字幕:美国军方希望能为太空飞行补充燃料2018-08-15
The U.S. Military is considering the possibilities of space travel technology for future ways to transport supplies.
该音频有LRC字幕 63salon沙龙娱乐附字幕:新研究解开人类大脑进化过程之谜2018-08-15
Early language theories claim the human brain has special areas for learning language that are unique to people. A new study challenges that idea.
该音频有LRC字幕 63salon沙龙娱乐附字幕:尼日利亚学校照常教学回应博科圣地的反教育运动2018-08-15
Rebecca Gadzma is running schools to help her community of Lassa rebuild after violence from Boko Haram.
该音频有LRC字幕 63salon沙龙娱乐附字幕:南非反移民政党兴起2018-08-15
The African Basic Movement party claims that foreigners bring crime into the country. It also says they are responsible for high unemployment.
该音频有LRC字幕 63salon沙龙娱乐附字幕:专家:鸟类通过倾听学习彼此的“语言”2018-08-15
Scientists have long known that some animals can understand information shared in the warning cries of others. But a new study has shown exactly how one kind of bird is able to do so.
该音频有LRC字幕 63salon沙龙娱乐附字幕:报道:美国人对美国印第安人知之甚少2018-08-13
The report found that Native Americans are largely unseen in modern American society and that non-native media controls information about them.
该音频有LRC字幕 63salon沙龙娱乐附字幕:一些组织敦促老挝重新审视大型水电项目2018-08-13
The collapse of the Xe Pian Xe Namnoy dam in Southern Laos has many people questioning the safety of large development projects.
该音频有LRC字幕 63salon沙龙娱乐附字幕:词汇典故:关于天气的英语表达2018-08-13
As impossible as it is to believe, you CAN catch lightning in a bottle ... sort of. Read this story to find out how!
该音频有LRC字幕 63salon沙龙娱乐附字幕:美国将提高土耳其铝和钢铁的关税2018-08-12
President Donald Trump says the U.S. will double import taxes on Turkish steel and aluminum. Trump announced the action Friday on Twitter. The tariff for steel imported from Turkey will now be 50 percent, while for aluminum it will be 20 percent.
该音频有LRC字幕 63salon沙龙娱乐附字幕:拳击运动有助缓解帕金森病情2018-08-12
The training program helps people with movement, and meeting others with the disease.
该音频有LRC字幕 63salon沙龙娱乐附字幕:研究:温度上升令土壤释放更多的碳2018-08-12
Scientists found a sharp increase in carbon released into the atmosphere by bacteria and fungi in soil from 1990 through 2014. Researchers explain that the carbon comes from the dead plants and leaves the microbes eat. As temperatures rise, the microbes e
该音频有LRC字幕 63salon沙龙娱乐附字幕:谷歌纪念美国首位女工程师110岁生日2018-08-11
Google honored Mary Ross with a special Google Doodle on its homepage. Her work is considered critical to the early stages of the age of space travel.
该音频有LRC字幕 63salon沙龙娱乐附字幕:俄罗斯谴责美国的新制裁是“非法的”2018-08-11
The Russian government says it plans to take action against the United States for ordering sanctions against Russia. The new U.S. sanctions are meant to punish Russia for its involvement in the poisoning of a former Russian spy and his daughter in Britain
该音频有LRC字幕 63salon沙龙娱乐附字幕:阿根廷否决堕胎合法化议案2018-08-11
Argentina’s Senate rejects a measure that would have legalized ending a pregnancy during the first 14 weeks.
该音频有LRC字幕 63salon沙龙娱乐附字幕:NASA欲发射宇宙飞船近距离观察太阳2018-08-11
NASA’s Parker Solar Probe will be the first spacecraft to fly just within 6 million kilometers of the sun.
该音频有LRC字幕 63salon沙龙娱乐附字幕:科学家称转基因大米可预防艾滋病2018-08-10
Researchers say a new genetically modified rice can prevent infections of HIV, the virus responsible for the disease AIDS. The newly-developed rice produces proteins that were found to neutralize the HIV virus.
该音频有LRC字幕 63salon沙龙娱乐附字幕:堪萨斯州17岁少年:有被选举权但无选举权2018-08-10
None of the teenage candidates won their primary races on Tuesday. But they believe they inspired more young people to take part in elections and vote.
该音频有LRC字幕 63salon沙龙娱乐附字幕:美国国会或出现首位穆斯林女性候选人2018-08-10
Rashida Tlaib won the Democratic nomination for a congressional district in Michigan. Because she will not have an opponent, Tlaib is likely to become the first, or among the first, Muslim female US lawmakers.
该音频有LRC字幕 63salon沙龙娱乐附字幕:加州或面临最严重的火灾季节2018-08-10
The largest wildfire in California history took just 11 days to burn an area nearly the size of Los Angeles. On the other side of the Atlantic Ocean, another major wildfire is burning in the Algarve area of Southern Portugal.
该音频有LRC字幕 63salon沙龙娱乐附字幕:社交媒体禁止电台主持人亚历克斯·琼斯发表仇恨言论2018-08-09
The move raises questions about the role of Facebook, YouTube, Apple, and other technology companies.
该音频有LRC字幕 63salon沙龙娱乐附字幕:加州史上最大山火仍在蔓延2018-08-09
The largest wildfire in California’s history continues to grow. Hot and windy conditions have tested firefighters across the state.
该音频有LRC字幕 63salon沙龙娱乐附字幕:研究表明蜱虫引起的过敏数量呈上升趋势2018-08-09
A new study has found that the number of meat allergies caused by tick bites may be increasing across the US.
该音频有LRC字幕 63salon沙龙娱乐附字幕:美国海军上将:中俄在美国海岸附近动作频频2018-08-08
The Navy’s top admiral says the Russian and Chinese navies are increasingly active in the North Atlantic Ocean. He said Russian submarines are a special concern.
该音频有LRC字幕 63salon沙龙娱乐附字幕:孟加拉局势持续动荡2018-08-08
Amnesty International says Bangladesh must immediately and unconditionally release Shahidul Alam, a well-known photographer and activist.
该音频有LRC字幕 63salon沙龙娱乐附字幕:纪念广岛原子弹爆炸73周年 学生们VR重建广岛2018-08-08
Students at a technical high school in Fukuyama, Japan, created a virtual reality program that lets users experience August 6, 1945 in Hiroshima. Users can see what it was like in the city before, during and after the atomic bomb was dropped on the Japane
该音频有LRC字幕 63salon沙龙娱乐附字幕:中国游客拯救欧洲没落小镇经济2018-08-07
Chinese tourism has been a big aid to rebuilding economic activity for some places in Europe. But some experts point out that it can bring stress on infrastructure and increased influence for the Chinese government.
该音频有LRC字幕 63salon沙龙娱乐附字幕:新报告解密稀有蓝钻的秘密2018-08-07
The blue diamond is one of the most valuable and rare of earth’s jewels. A new report shares new information of how they are made.
该音频有LRC字幕 63salon沙龙娱乐附字幕:人工智能机器人通过软件学习人类技能2018-08-07
In the past, teaching machines to do even simple things has proven costly and complex. But now, a research group has been able to teach a robot hand skills inside a computer program that it can then use in the real world.
该音频有LRC字幕 63salon沙龙娱乐附字幕:焚烧美国国旗合法吗?2018-08-07
In 1989, the Supreme Court ruled on whether burning the American flag could be considered free speech.
该音频有LRC字幕 63salon沙龙娱乐附字幕:哈维飓风已过去一年 休斯顿仍未恢复2018-08-07
Nearly a year after Hurricane Harvey hit Houston, Texas, many people there still find themselves struggling to recover from the floods.
该音频有LRC字幕 63salon沙龙娱乐附字幕:格鲁吉亚跟风美国 大麻使用合法化2018-08-07
Georgia has become the first former Soviet republic to legalize the use of marijuana. However, Georgians are still barred from growing, storing or selling the drug.
该音频有LRC字幕 63salon沙龙娱乐附字幕:弗吉尼亚商店出售稀有而昂贵的鹦鹉2018-08-07
The small business is filled with many bright-colored parrots, from cockatoos to giant macaws and small parakeets.
该音频有LRC字幕 63salon沙龙娱乐附字幕:3D打印枪支合法性问题引多方争论2018-08-05
The creator of three-dimensional guns calls his case a First Amendment issue. Officials warn of a public safety threat.
该音频有LRC字幕 63salon沙龙娱乐附字幕:专家称以色列在世界的领导地位正在崛起2018-08-05
Benjamin Netanyahu has been building strong security ties with Egypt and the Sunni rulers of the Arab Gulf states. All see Iran and Islamists as threats. And they consider the threat more important than their historical support of the Palestinians in thei
该音频有LRC字幕 63salon沙龙娱乐附字幕:津巴布韦总统选举 反对派拒绝承认结果2018-08-05
Zimbabwe election officials have declared Emmerson Mnangagwa winner of the country’s presidential election. His opponent, opposition leader Nelson Chamisa, rejected the outcome as “unverified fake results.”
该音频有LRC字幕 63salon沙龙娱乐附字幕:苹果公司市值突破1万亿美元2018-08-04
The technology company is the first American company to reach such a high valuation for publicly traded stock. The mark appears to signal that stock technology companies have taken over the stock market.
该音频有LRC字幕 63salon沙龙娱乐附字幕:加州死亡谷创下最热月份新纪录2018-08-04
Death Valley recorded high temperatures of above 48 degrees Celsius for 17 of the last 18 days of July. For four consecutive days, high temperatures reached 52 degrees Celsius.
该音频有LRC字幕 63salon沙龙娱乐附字幕:为非法入境儿童提供衣物、书籍的团体2018-08-04
A committee of the United States Senate is studying the Trump administration’s “zero tolerance” policy for migrant families. The policy is directed at individuals who crossed the U.S. border with Mexico. Those who entered the U.S. illegally were detained.
该音频有LRC字幕 63salon沙龙娱乐附字幕:教皇弗朗西斯称死刑“不可接受”2018-08-04
The leader of the Roman Catholic Church has officially changed church teaching to oppose the death penalty. Pope Francis had announced his thoughts to do so last year.
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