美国之音(以下称VOA)的英语节目,按播音速度可分为两种:Standard English (标准英语)和 Special English(特别英语)。

Special English 又叫“慢速英语”,是VOA 专为全世界非英语国家初学英语的听众安排的一种简易、规范的英语广播节目。该节目创始于50年代末期,是VOA 的专家们研究如何与世界各地的英语学习者进行交际的产物。它正式开播于1959年10月。当时只面向欧洲和中东,但由于这个节目适合许多国家英语学习者的需要,所以它的广播对象不久就扩大到世界其他地区,并很快在全世界范围内产生了广泛的影响。现在这个节目对欧洲、非洲和拉丁美洲每晚广播一次,对加勒比地区每晚广播一次(星期天除外),对东南亚广播次数最多,每天上午两次,晚上三次。

30多年来,VOA 为了办好Special English节目,进行了大量的调查研究工作,对播音速度、内容及用词范围都作了具体规定,基本上达到了既能为英语学习者提供信息,又不损害英语本身风格的目的,使之成为VOA 独具特色,拥有最大量听众的节目。

美国著名词汇学家S. B. Flexmer 指明了Special English的三条标准,也就是它所“特别”的地方:

1、它是一种由美国人最常用的1500个基本单词为主体构成的美国英语;

2、它用简短、明晰的句子写作和广播;

3、它以每分钟90个单词的速度,即2/3的Standard English(标准英语)速度进行广播。

Special English的节目可分为两大类:一类是新闻节目;一类是专题节目。

该音频有LRC字幕 63salon沙龙娱乐附字幕:西弗吉尼亚糖果店有各种时代的糖果2018-02-14
The store sells many kinds of treats that were popular during different periods in history. The unusual collection has everything from chocolate kisses to edible bugs.
该音频有LRC字幕 63salon沙龙娱乐附字幕:危地马拉丛林发现古代玛雅建筑2018-02-13
Researchers using new aerial mapping technology have found thousands of never-before-detected ancient structures from the Maya civilization.
该音频有LRC字幕 63salon沙龙娱乐附字幕:科学家在埃及发现恐龙新历史2018-02-12
The leader of a group of researchers said he knew immediately that the find was important telling his students they “your names will go down in history.” The new dinosaur is thought to be the first from its time period found in Africa.
该音频有LRC字幕 63salon沙龙娱乐附字幕:研究发现外国武装分子无能力威胁美国本土安全2018-02-12
A project to identify those who traveled from the U.S. to Syria and Iraq finds only one person has tried to return and launch an attack.
该音频有LRC字幕 63salon沙龙娱乐附字幕:庆祝新奥尔良建市300周年2018-02-11
New Orleans was born a French city in the spring of 1718. It did not become part of the United States until the Louisiana Purchase of 1803.
该音频有LRC字幕 63salon沙龙娱乐附字幕:新型血液测试或能早期检测出老年痴呆症2018-02-10
Japanese and Australian researchers are reporting progress in developing a blood test for Alzheimer’s disease. Dementia, the most common form of the disease, affects close to 50-million people worldwide.
该音频有LRC字幕 63salon沙龙娱乐附字幕:朝鲜在冬奥会开幕前举行阅兵式2018-02-10
North Korea normally marks April 25 as the day when its military was created. But the government announced last month that it was moving the celebration to February 8. Observers say the move appeared to be an attempt to get international attention before
该音频有LRC字幕 63salon沙龙娱乐附字幕:新西兰计划禁止外国人购买现有房屋2018-02-10
The Labour Party government believes that foreign investors have pushed many possible first-time home buyers and families out of the housing market. Last year, median housing prices across the country rose by 5.8 percent, to over $405,000.
该音频有LRC字幕 63salon沙龙娱乐附字幕:挪威冬奥厨师出乌龙 一下购买了15000个鸡蛋2018-02-10
There was literally no end to the delivery, Norwegian cook Stale Johansen told Norway’s Aftenposten.
该音频有LRC字幕 63salon沙龙娱乐附字幕:数据还原1万年前英国人俱有黑皮肤、蓝眼睛2018-02-09
British scientists examined genetic material from a skeleton called Cheddar Man. The human remains were discovered in southwest England in 1903.
该音频有LRC字幕 63salon沙龙娱乐附字幕:韩朝联合曲棍球队克服语言隔阂2018-02-09
North and South Koreans face a widening language divide caused by 70 years of separation. That is creating some communication problems for the two countries’ first joint Olympic team as it prepares for the Winter Games in PyeongChang, South Korea.
该音频有LRC字幕 63salon沙龙娱乐附字幕:专家担心融雪盐会危害美国水域2018-02-09
Road salt has kept American roads safe for years, but experts say it is also raising the salt content in freshwater and harming underwater life.
该音频有LRC字幕 63salon沙龙娱乐附字幕:儿童专家抗议Facebook的Kids Messenger应用2018-02-08
Child experts, health professionals, and parenting groups say children younger than 13 are not ready for the complications of social media.
该音频有LRC字幕 63salon沙龙娱乐附字幕:彭斯或会见朝鲜官员2018-02-08
U.S. Vice President Mike Pence is not ruling out a possible meeting with North Korean officials during his trip to South Korea to attend the Winter Olympics.
该音频有LRC字幕 63salon沙龙娱乐附字幕:柬埔寨政府封锁线上版柬埔寨日报2018-02-08
The move came after it closed several other media and civil society groups in late 2017.
该音频有LRC字幕 63salon沙龙娱乐附字幕:波兰总统将签署二战大屠杀相关法律2018-02-08
The law orders jail time or fines on anyone calling the Nazi murder of Jews during World War II a Polish crime, or Nazi death camps Polish death camps. Some of the worst Nazi crimes were committed in Poland.
该音频有LRC字幕 63salon沙龙娱乐附字幕:预防疟疾方面取得进展2018-02-07
In recent decades, countries around the world have made great progress against malaria. However, a new report from the World Health Organization (WHO) says that progress is at risk.
该音频有LRC字幕 63salon沙龙娱乐附字幕:SpaceX公司的新火箭准备首次试飞2018-02-07
If successful, Falcon Heavy will be the most powerful working rocket in use, and the first to bring an automobile to space.
该音频有LRC字幕 63salon沙龙娱乐附字幕:费城老鹰队赢得2018年超级碗2018-02-07
The underdog Philadelphia Eagles football team has won its first Super Bowl. The team defeated the favored New England Patriots in the National Football League championship Sunday night in Minneapolis, Minnesota. The final score was 41 to 33.
该音频有LRC字幕 63salon沙龙娱乐附字幕:历史悠久的拉斯维加斯霓虹灯再次闪耀2018-02-06
Forty signs from some of the city’s most famous casino-hotels and other businesses are shining once again at the Neon Museum.
该音频有LRC字幕 63salon沙龙娱乐附字幕:联合国儿童基金会:冲突、灾害令5900万青年成文盲2018-02-06
Almost 60 million young people who live in countries affected by conflict or natural disaster are illiterate, the United Nations Children’s Fund or UNICEF, said this week.
该音频有LRC字幕 63salon沙龙娱乐附字幕:移动互联网已在最不发达国家扎根2018-02-06
A new International Telecommunications Union report says hundreds of millions of people in the world’s poorest countries now are able to use the internet and mobile technology.
该音频有LRC字幕 63salon沙龙娱乐附字幕:词汇典故:老鼠2018-02-05
Today we will be talking about a hated but misunderstood animal – the rat. The sight of a rat might frighten you. Or it might make you sick to your stomach. Well, perhaps not everyone.
该音频有LRC字幕 63salon沙龙娱乐附字幕:海伦·米伦新电影《温彻斯特》讲述枪击伤害2018-02-05
Actor Helen Mirren plays Sarah Winchester, a real-life 19th-century woman who became very rich as owner of the Winchester Repeating Arms Company. However, some say she was also haunted by those killed by the weapons.
该音频有LRC字幕 63salon沙龙娱乐附字幕:科罗拉多州举办柬埔寨文化遗产营2018-02-05
A camp for Cambodian-American adoptees and their families aims to bring greater understanding of Khmer culture. Families consider the group as a valuable resource.
该音频有LRC字幕 63salon沙龙娱乐附字幕:性侵受害者之父试图在法庭上攻击拉里·纳萨2018-02-05
A father of three sexual abuse victims tried to attack the former Olympic and Michigan State University doctor found guilty of the sex crimes. The incident took place Friday in a courtroom in Michigan during the sentencing hearing for Larry Nassar.
该音频有LRC字幕 63salon沙龙娱乐附字幕:土拨鼠预测美国还有六周的冬天2018-02-05
Punxsutawney Phil, America’s most famous groundhog, has predicted six more weeks of winter weather.
该音频有LRC字幕 63salon沙龙娱乐附字幕:体育仲裁法庭推翻奥运兴奋剂禁令2018-02-05
The Court of Arbitration for Sport has ruled that 28 Russian athletes can compete in International Olympic Committee events. The IOC had ruled against them for violating its anti-doping rules at the 2014 Winter Olympics.
该音频有LRC字幕 63salon沙龙娱乐附字幕:朝鲜人抵达韩国参加冬奥会2018-02-05
A 32-member North Korean delegation arrived in South Korea on Thursday. The delegation included 10 skaters and skiers. They will take part in the Winter Olympics later this month.
该音频有LRC字幕 63salon沙龙娱乐附字幕:谷歌Doodle纪念“黑人历史之父”卡特·G·伍德森2018-02-05
February 1 marks the beginning of Black History Month in the United States and other countries around the world. Google honored the month with a special Google Doodle of African-American historian Carter G. Woodson. Experts call him the Father of Black Hi
该音频有LRC字幕 63salon沙龙娱乐附字幕:遇到能说“你好”和“再见”的鲸鱼2018-02-05
This is What’s Trending Today… Wikie is a 14-year-old whale living in captivity in France. Wikie is an orca. Orcas are extremely smart, ma...
该音频有LRC字幕 63salon沙龙娱乐附字幕:印度的蜜蜂保护农作物免受野生大象的伤害2018-02-05
Villagers in southwestern India had a problem with elephants destroying their crops. They tried many methods, but none worked until the learned about using honey bees to keep the elephants away.
该音频有LRC字幕 63salon沙龙娱乐附字幕:俄罗斯警告勿切断朝鲜的石油供应2018-02-05
The Russian ambassador to North Korea said warned that further cuts to the North’s oil imports would cause humanitarian problems. He also said cutting off oil to the country would be considered an act of war. The comment comes as the U.S. has said Russia
该音频有LRC字幕 63salon沙龙娱乐附字幕:数千俄罗斯反对派在全国各地集会游行2018-01-31
Russian opposition leader Alexei Navalny has been released after thousands turned out to protest the upcoming March presidential elections.
该音频有LRC字幕 63salon沙龙娱乐附字幕:阿富汗首都继续发生恐怖袭击事件2018-01-31
The most recent attack on a military academy that killed 11 added to a deadly week in the Central Asian country. Earlier, a bomb killed more than 100 people in Kabul and an attack on a hotel killed 22. The violence shows security problems remain after mor
该音频有LRC字幕 63salon沙龙娱乐附字幕:巴西关闭拉丁美洲最大的垃圾填埋场2018-01-30
People working in the old dump on its last day said they refuse to trade their source of earnings for government jobs that pay too little to support their families.
该音频有LRC字幕 63salon沙龙娱乐附字幕:马来西亚为照顾穆斯林 规避狗年狗符号2018-01-30
The Lunar New Year, also known as the Chinese New Year, begins on February 16. Twenty eighteen is the Year of the Dog. But in Malaysia, some businesses are avoiding dog symbols in their decorations. They do not want to insult the country’s Muslim majority
该音频有LRC字幕 63salon沙龙娱乐附字幕:新型摄影机帮助科学家记录野生动物2018-01-29
Have you ever wondered what wild animals do when no one is watching? Scientists have been able to document the private moments of wildlife with leading edge technology. Low cost, dependable and small modern cameras amount to a big help.
该音频有LRC字幕 63salon沙龙娱乐附字幕:词汇典故:你曾经“泄露过秘密”吗?2018-01-29
Beans are a popular food in many countries. From black to red, from kidney to pinto, beans are important in the diet of many cultures. Rich in fiber, protein and nutrients, beans are a healthy, plant-based food. So, spilling the beans at home or in a stor
该音频有LRC字幕 63salon沙龙娱乐附字幕:研究人员:牙膏中的物质可以对抗疟疾2018-01-29
Researchers have found that a substance used in toothpaste could be developed to fight drug-resistant forms of the disease malaria.
该音频有LRC字幕 63salon沙龙娱乐附字幕:智利电影获得奥斯卡提名2018-01-28
A Lebanese film has receives the country’s first-ever Academy Award nomination. Lebanese director Ziad Doueiri’s The Insult is one of five movies under consideration for best foreign film.
该音频有LRC字幕 63salon沙龙娱乐附字幕:巴基斯坦医生协助追捕本·拉登却遭遇牢狱之灾2018-01-28
The U.S. supports Shakil Afridi’s release, however the Pakistani doctor falls in the middle of the U.S.-Pakistan conflict.
该音频有LRC字幕 63salon沙龙娱乐附字幕:美国航空母舰将访问越南2018-01-27
It would be the first such visit from an aircraft carrier since the Vietnam War ended. Smaller Navy vessels have visited Vietnam, as relations between the two countries have improved.
该音频有LRC字幕 63salon沙龙娱乐附字幕:报告称俄罗斯在加泰罗尼亚的黑客活动或加剧2018-01-27
A new report says that Russian hacking operations to support Catalonian independence continue and could intensify. The Spanish Defense Ministry’s Center for Strategic and Defense Studies published the report this week. It says Russia is destabilizing Spai
该音频有LRC字幕 63salon沙龙娱乐附字幕:外媒关注中国封杀PGone事件2018-01-25
The popular competition television show Rap of China helped spread interest in the music among Chinese young people. Hip hop artists Wang Hao, known as PG One and Zhou Yan, known as GAI are the two winners of the show. The government has acted against the
该音频有LRC字幕 63salon沙龙娱乐附字幕:安哥拉新总统承诺消灭腐败2018-01-25
Angola’s new president has been compared to The Terminator character played by Arnold Schwarzenegger in the 1984 film.
该音频有LRC字幕 63salon沙龙娱乐附字幕:《水形物语》获得了13项奥斯卡提名2018-01-25
The small-budget film, The Shape of Water, had earned 13 Oscar nominations, including one for best picture – the most of any 2017 film. The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences announced the award nominations in Los Angeles, early Tuesday morning.
该音频有LRC字幕 63salon沙龙娱乐附字幕:人工智能在阅读测试中已胜过人类2018-01-25
Machines with artificial intelligence have performed better than human beings in a high-level test of reading and reading comprehension. Two natural language processing tools received higher scores than humans in the tests.
该音频有LRC字幕 63salon沙龙娱乐附字幕:特朗普出席达沃斯会议 贸易或是首要议题2018-01-25
U.S. President Donald Trump will attend the World Economic Forum’s meeting in Davos, Switzerland this year. The meeting brings together political and business leaders. Recently announced trade barriers are a likely to be a main issue for delegations from
该音频有LRC字幕 63salon沙龙娱乐附字幕:美国政府关闭三天后重开2018-01-25
Tens of thousands of American government workers had begun closing down operations on Monday.
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